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 The past repeats itself IBM against Apple then, iPhone vs Android now.

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PostSubject: The past repeats itself IBM against Apple then, iPhone vs Android now.   Thu Oct 13, 2011 1:44 pm

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If back ground repeats itself, and the unexpected always happens, the way in which incapable must Man get of learning from expertise. George Bernard ShawIrish dramatist &amp; socialist (1856 鈥? 1950)

Story, ironically, tends to do its self. This may be old news in politics, economical or historical events but how things go about in Hardware/Software industry?.
While I was reading some articles on line about the market talk about of mobile OS's today/tomorrow, a "pattern" begun to emerge before my eyes. There is something through this pattern that indicates what mobile OS will have the major market share maybe year or so from now, or rather quickly. 聽As I predict, forseeable future of mobile phones will belong to Android Linux operating strategy.
Ok that may have sound like foolish鈥? but please be patient and let me (try) explain a few of the historical similarities between the war of IBM-Apple subsequently, and Apple(iOS)-Google(Android) now and how shall be the end of this fight above the market share pie information. So grab a cup of聽coffee聽and open your body and mind!
Keywords: IBM, Microsoft, Piece of fruit, Linux, Open/closed source/hardware/architecture.
Past events鈥? /h2>
Before 1980s furthermore there was鈥? chaos. 聽Incompatibility, deferent podiums on hardware and software programs, less or no industry standards where most of the troubbles in the market place. Despite the presence from informal standards which allowed a good measure of interoperability between different machines from numerous manufacturers, no single company controlled a. Apple was established with April 1, 1976 by聽Steve Positions, 聽Steve Wozniak, and聽Ronald David. 聽Their聽hand-built, Apple I聽was first proven to the public at the聽Homebrew Computer Club as personal computer kit that was really sold as a聽motherboard聽with聽CPU, 聽RAM, together with basic textual-video chips. During December of 1979, 聽Jobs and a lot of Apple employees聽visited聽Xerox PARC聽聽to see the聽Xerox Alto. 聽Jobs was immediately convinced that most of future computers would have a graphical user interface, so he rapidly pushed the development associated with a GUI for the聽Apple Lisa laptop or computer.
Meanwhile, Microsoft entered the COMPUTER ITSELF business in 1980 having a own version of聽Unix, called聽Xenix. Yet, 聽IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft to present a version of the聽CP/M OS, which was set to always be used in the upcoming聽IBM Personal pc. For this deal, Microsof company purchased a CP/M duplicate called聽86-DOS from聽Seattle Computer Products, branding it as MS-DOS, which unfortunately IBM rebranded to聽PC-DOS.
Any Board is set鈥? and then the fun begins鈥? /h4>
During 1981 IBM, finally typed the microcomputer market, by using a machine that was very unusual by its standards, largely sourced from external component suppliers, technically unambitious, ran third-party systems, and above all, had an聽open architecture (somehow this reminds me the manner in which that a聽Linux聽distribution is built). It had become called the聽IBM PC (Personal Computer).

IBM DESKTOP 5150
I聽repeat鈥? IBM聽decided to be an open聽architecture, so that other manufacturers could build and sell peripheral components and compatible software without purchasing licenses. IBM at the same time sold an聽IBM PC Technological Reference Manual which included聽complete enterprise schematics, a listing of the聽ROM BIOS聽source code, together with other engineering and programming material. IBM announced the PC on August 12, 1981. Five weeks later at COMDEX Come, 聽Tecmar had 20 PC products you can purchase. Thanks to the open nature of the PC architecture, PC soon had numerous different third-party add-in cards and computer applications available for almost each and every imaginable purpose. This made the PC one viable option for many, as the PC was truly the only platform that supported all hardware and software they needed, allowing the PC to snatch this business market, a market having very diverse software wants from customer to customer.
Industry competitors took on the list of approaches to the changing market, 聽which was to generate a machine that copied the IBM PC as closely as they can be and sell it for a slightly lower price, or simply with higher performance. 聽The two early leaders during this last strategy were either start-up companies: 聽Columbia Laptops and聽Compaq. They were the pioneer to achieve reputations pertaining to very close compatibility while using the IBM machines, which meant they will could run software written for ones IBM machine without recompilation. This聽meant meant for software companies, that it's rational to write with the IBM PC and its clones as a high priority, and convey versions for less common systems at leisure. Even thought Apple obtained the "beautiful" GUI desktop in Lisa (1983)聽becoming聽the first personal pc sold to the public that has a GUI, it was a commercial failure problems . high price tag, small software titles, and with the "ugly" MS-DOS which was available for more machines named聽IBM LAPTOP OR COMPUTER clones. From around聽1984, Microsoft were achieving gigantic revenues from DOS revenues both to IBM as well as an ever-growing list in other manufacturers who had agreed to buy an聽MS-DOS license for any machine they made (PC clones). To your competing computer manufacturers, great or small, the only common factors that provides joint technical leadership were operating software from Microsoft, and CPUs from Intel. 聽In elixir, during the bulk within the 1980s and early 1990s, 聽the main machines this were talked about in your press and in how-to books, were IBM's and IBM PC clones.
Nobody is perfect鈥? /h4>
Even聽thought Open Architecture "was ways to go", with many manufactures聽supplying the forex market with IBM PC聽clones "pre-loaded"聽with聽Microsoft's MS-DOS and almost all market was buying a lot quicker and cheaper IBM compatible machines made by other firms, 聽in聽1987, 聽IBM constructed a bold and in due course disastrous business decision. IBM decided to "go the Apple way" in addition to 聽introduced their聽PS/2 line. Any PS/2s remained software works, but the hardware was initially quite different, which meant that none within the millions of existing add-in cards would function. The new IBM machines, in other words, 聽were not IBM similar belief. 聽In addition, IBM planned the PS/2 to the extent that for both technical and legal reasons it would be very difficult to clone it in a similar fashion that Apple produce it has the products. 聽At the end of the 1980s and the start of the 1990s聽IBM made a 2nd disastrous decision by gonna replace DOS with this vastly superior聽OS/2. 聽In聽response to the current, 聽Microsoft preferred to push the well-established IBM PC clones industry to its own product, called聽Windows thatbecame any de-facto standard. 聽IBM finally relinquished its role as the PC manufacturer in August 2005, when it sold its PC division to聽Lenovo for the purpose of $1. 75 billion.
By way of the early 21st century, the dominant聽聽"IBM PC works (clones)" computing platform with many "homebuilt computers" that are聽assembled via available components, rather than purchased being complete system from your working computer system supplier, 聽ensured the success of聽Microsoft Microsoft windows which had driven a wide range of other rival commercial聽operating systems into near-extinction. By the mid 1990s for your manufacturer, introducing a new rival computer itself had become too risky. Even if an computer itself was technically superior to Windows, it would be a failure in the marketplace (BeOS and聽OS/2 for example). 聽Microsoft continued delivering software programs to cheap commodity personal computers to the majority of computer users聽while Apple was delivering a richly built, but expensive, experience. 聽Apple relied on high income and never developed a clear response. Instead they sued聽Microsoft for using a聽graphical program similar to the聽Apple Lisa in聽Apple Laptop or computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Enterprise. 聽The lawsuit dragged on for several years before it was thrown out of court.
The era 2000-2010
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By way of the year 2001, Microsoft holds approximately聽the 95% within the desktop/small business computers " locked-in" on their聽technology. Then again Open Source projects are聽getting聽some attention and by your year 2000聽Open Source Creation Labs (OSDL) was founded聽as a new non-profit organization supported by a global聽consortium tasked to "accelerate this deployment of聽Linux for enterprise computing". Its goals included "to as the recognized center-of-gravity for a Linux industry". Linux Foundation was founded in 2007 by way of the merger of the聽Open Reference Development Labs (OSDL) and the聽Free Standards Group (FSG). The Linux Foundation sponsors the of Linux creator聽 Linus Torvalds and is supported by leading Linux and open source companies and developers from globally. 聽The Linux Foundation provides, 聽protects聽and standardizes聽Linux "by providing an in depth set of services towards compete effectively with not open platforms".
Microsoft did dislike this, as Open Architecture PERSONAL PC (IBM clones and homebuilt computers) with the Open Source Linux Operating system could聽threaten聽their domination through the internet. How that could happen? Well, the same way Microsoft聽succeed their domination that can be purchased:
Open Architecture was聽inevitably going to spread available by its nature (remember聽home-build PC's聽versus Apple's closed聽architecture聽Mac's)
Microsof company didn't do, by聽purpose, 聽anything about聽pirated replications of Windows until聽Windows XP
Linux is of course open source, so any company/individual could establish a distribution for any聽purpose. Also the fact that聽Linux聽can always be easily modified to run on any specific " architecture" was the reasons the war over聽who dominates web/file servers, 聽mission very important systems, data centers is lost by Microsoft -as Linux gradually replaced Unix in those areas. Every interaction you'll find with the web along with any internet infrastructure聽in general, is powered in a good "monopoly" way by Linux nodes. So they聽started聽a聽precautionary聽"war" on the Desktops/Netbooks聽market for the health of their survival. This was called聽FUD (Fear, Uncertainty not to mention Doubt). On November 16, 2005 OLPC (One Computer Per Child) project gained a great deal more attention when Nicholas Negroponte and聽Kofi Annan unveiled an effective prototype of the Children's Machine 1 (CM1) at the聽World Summit within the Information Society (WSIS) in聽Tunis, Tunisia. Microsof company, also did not like this鈥? they tried to kill it (Why Microsoft and Intel tried for you to kill the XO $100 laptop )
On the other hand, Apple, having learned several uncomfortable lessons (1986-1998) tried so that you can adapt its self in the聽upcoming era of Open Architecture merged with Open Source Projects. Regarding March 24, 2001, 聽they announced Mac OS X that could be based upon the聽Mach kernel with聽certain pieces from聽FreeBSD's and聽NetBSD's implementation of聽Unix聽incorporated in聽Nextstep. Also they started a聽successful transition within the PowerPC architecture to your PC architecture. But wait鈥? the fact that didn't聽meant that Apple seemed to be embracing Open聽philosophies. 聽Nobody is permitted to make home-build Mac's. Regardless if the kernel was to match open source projects, Apple was keen on providing third party developers with access to internal code than in building a community where developers would write its os in this handset for it. 聽Again鈥? /strong> they failed too . stuck in an 8% with market share. To overcome this condition on profitability, in January 9th 2007 Apple Personal pc Inc. dropped the word "Computer" to use name to better reflect their move into the wider field of electronic devices. The same day, these announced iPhone, an web-based and聽multimedia-enabled聽smartphone聽engineered聽during a secretive together with unprecedented collaboration with聽AT&amp; T Mobility鈥擟ingular Wireless at the moment.
Apples聽habit to聽control everything, wasn't changed in anyway with these new supplement line聽:
Carrier lock-in with SIM lock聽- Your iPhone normally prevents the means to access its media player and even web features unless it includes also been activated to be a phone with an accepted carrier. 聽Whereas聽on other smartphones this easy.
Third party software enhancement 鈥? Apple聽strictly聽controls the developers' creativity freedom the slightest bit. Developers to develop native applications for ones iPhone have to shell out an Apple Developer Network membership fee. Developers are liberal to set any price regarding applications to be distributed through the聽App Store, that they will receive some 70% share. The problem starts each developer creates an application that is certainly way better and intuitive from iPhone's聽bundled software. In such a circumstance to be true then Apple is free to ban your app via App Store (see alot more: 聽iPhone developers frustrated with App Store )
When using the above attitude, Apple disregarded carriers and mostly developers who wanted more freedom to unleash their creativity. Somebody saw this coming鈥? and by somebody Setting up Google. Some really interesting historical events begun to hit the news squeeze. As written in wikipedia, during July 2005, 聽Google got Android, Inc., a small聽startup business enterprise based in聽Palo Alto, Carolina, USA. 聽At the time, little was known with regards to the functions of Android, Inc. besides that they made software for mobile devices. This began rumors that Google was gonna enter the聽mobile phone market.
Google Chairman/CEO Eric Schmidt in respond to the rumors with your press聽conference in November 5, 2007, 聽unveiled this vision about an聽Open Application, Open Device, Open Environment:

"Today's announcement is further ambitious than any single 鈥楪oogle Phone' that press has been speculating about within the last few few weeks. Our vision is that your powerful platform we're unveiling willpower thousands of different phone models. This partnership will guidance unleash the potential in mobile technology for billions of users globally. A fresh approach to fostering innovation from the mobile industry will help shape a new computing environment that will alter the way people obtain and share information from now on. "

At Google, the team led by Andy Rubin developed your mobile device platform powered by the聽Linux kernel which marketed to聽handset makers and聽carriers at the premise of providing a聽flexible, upgradeable product. 聽On 5 of December 2007, the聽Open Handset Connections was unveiled, a consortium聽of 71聽hardware, 聽software, and聽telecom companies specialized in advancing聽open standards for cellular phones, 聽which include聽Texas Instruments, 聽Broadcom Group, Google, 聽HTC, 聽Intel, 聽LG, 聽Marvell Systems Group, 聽Motorola, 聽Nvidia, 聽Qualcomm, 聽Samsung Electronic products, 聽Sprint Nextel and聽T-Mobile. 聽Along when using the formation of the Open Handset Alliance, the OHA even unveiled their first product, Android, a mobile device聽platform built on the聽Linux kernel variant 2. 6. 聽On 9 November 2008, it was announced that 14 new members is going to be joining the Android undertaking, including聽PacketVideo, 聽ARM Holdings, 聽Atheros Calls, 聽Asustek Computer Inc, 聽Garmin Ltd, 聽Softbank, 聽Sony Ericsson, 聽Toshiba Corp, and聽Vodafone Number Plc. Since 21 October 2008. Google opened the entire聽source code (including networking and telephony stacks) less than an聽Apache License. 聽With any Apache License, vendors are able to add, if they could, proprietary extensions without submitting those back in the open source community.
That was it鈥β? strong>Android Linux begun to gain rapidly a lot of聽attention聽and according to聽NPD Set, unit sales for Operating system OS smartphones ranked 1st among all聽smartphone OS handsets sold during the U. S. in the actual quarter of 2010, for 33%. BlackBerry OS is second at 28%, and聽iOS聽(Apple)聽is performing third with 22%. (see聽Reuters). This results are聽reasonable seeing that Android is聽sold by several manufacturers over everything the worlds聽carriers, while the iPhone is sold by only聽1 manufacturer and only on one carrier network. 聽As聽summed聽up during his blog, 聽Louis Bleak states some reasons regarding why android platform may overcome the sales involving iOS platform:
Choice: Chosen handsets. Choice of insurers. Choice of manufacturers
Push: Android has momentum relating to improved quality, in terms of the sheer number of devices sold and consumers, applications, which are rising in quantity, soon to generally be followed by quality. The growth in numerous handsets, carriers and users could drive more developers into the platform, and the holdouts who ? re not there will finally make the move
Fog up: The phone is built to tap into data stored through the internet is the idea that user doesn't need to be tied to his desktop computer to manage data on the phone.
Capability: The Mobile platform, as any commercials offer, simply does more is by 聽nature capable of performing more.
The trends certainly certainly support the notion connected with continued Android growth during a聽manner that Apple should look oh no- its pasts mistakes plus rethink the "think聽differently"聽model in doing聽business. 聽Compete's Nathan Ingraham details:

The reason Apple should worry about Android's newfound strength is because it has been in a similar condition before, in its rivals against Microsoft for household computing. Apple, of tutorial, is the only company and vendor of phones running the iPhone computer system, while any manufacturer is ready to run Android if this wishes. This mirrors Apple's the past pitting its Macintosh computer system against Microsoft Windows. Apple certainly is the only manufacturer who strengthens computers that run this Mac OS, while several manufacturers were able to manufacture computers running Windows, which helped Microsoft head for the hills with the lead on the OS war back in the 1990's.

Recent data from聽AndroLib. com will mentioning. The company's current measurements (by the time this article is written) propose Android's App Market is poised cascade over the 150, 000 recognise any day now. On聽12 of聽July, Google publicly announced an exciting new project called聽App Inventor. App Inventor isn't heading to replace or even threaten the developer model. App Inventor's goal, 聽 Abelson tells聽The Conditions, is to "enable people to become creators, not only just consumers, in this wireless world. ":

"The Google and bing project, Mr. Abelson talked about, is intended to supply users, especially young most people, a simple tool to let them tinker along with smartphone software, much as people do with computers. Over all the years, he noted, easy programming tools like Basic, Logo and Scratch have opened the threshold to innovations of most types. "

Conclusion鈥? /h2>
Last but not least, Android Linux will function as a universal platform that will make possible to every device to always be connected with millions with other devices and present information with each other鈥? an聽absolute cordless network of devices. This as a result:
Multiple devices can dash Linux
Linux is open source, and everybody may well be聽involved聽in.
Multiple manufacturers generate devices that run Android os
Linux belongs to "humanity" and not just to a single company.
Human nature is reflected in different aspect of our society. We love exploring, looking for, inventing new ways of making our lives easier聽and ones we do just that we urge to get sharing this knowledge utilizing others. The Shamans and Alchemists were the most important explorers of material nature and the "invisible" forces that dominated it. 聽The knowledge make possessed was their robustness, well kept and preserved from any ignorant intended to try to "steal" the idea. 聽Their apprentice聽were the only heirs of this knowledge. In this case, the knowledge is generated by few聽and in order to benefit themselves rather than society by and large. 聽This is a "closed source" model as a method of producing expertise. Because of humans' nature to share the produced information, slowly but聽inevitably聽this method is actually replaced by a new and better open method. Science distinct from esoteric knowledge, uses the opposite聽methodology for those production of knowledge. 聽The knowledge and the聽source today (the way that is produced) exists to anybody. 聽This solution the "fire" is made only ones. 聽Someone better takes this invented knowledge end creates聽something聽new. 聽This is mostly a standard, "open sourced" tactic to generate knowledge.
Software and hardware industry is聽approximately聽only a century old. It is in humans' character to聽change聽the model of聽producing innovative products in a closed ecosystem (like Alchemists did) within the more open ecosystem unit (like Scientists do). 聽聽The us going for open models, over all the years becomes more obvious. Linux is gaining a greater number of ground not only while it is another software, but because is it doesn't ideal platform that helps more ideas and solutions in every one areas of Science together with Technology. Microsoft, Apple and any other company will likely make the same mistakes time after time if the do not study from past mistakes. Maybe thats why IBM is聽getting of a bond with the mobile phone industry. In a recent put up, 09 August 2010, 聽by Jean Staten Healy聽of IBM for Linux. com explains true:

Businesses and consumers are fast creating a mobile world 鈥? you'll see nearly one trillion Internet-connected appliances in 2011 鈥? and open standards that include Linux are necessary to earn this new world job. Embedded Linux runs on just about any smart phone today all of which help support the 20 conditions more mobile data not to mention 40 times more investing in mobile transactions that are forecast to take place in 2015. Consumers am not aware of Linux is in his or her phones, but developers implement. The proliferation of sensible phones like iPhones and Droids portends that application development for those mobile platform with Linux is only set to grow; the latest Eclipse survey showed who 33 percent of coders now use Linux as their primary development operating system, up from 20 percentage point in 2007.

Apparently they've learned聽something the ones past. Thanks for your patient and I hope you enjoyed my article.

If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange apples you definitely and I will nonetheless each have one iphone. But if you expect to have an idea and I own an idea and聽we exchange all of these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.
George Bernard Shaw
Irish dramatist &amp; socialist (1856 鈥? 1950)

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